My most recent post about how to Visualize Your Work So You Can Say No showing a couple of different kanbans was quite popular. Several people ask me how I use my personal kanban.
I use paper. Here's why I don't use a tool:
- I am too likely to put too much into a tool. I put all this week's work, next week's work, next month's and next year's work, even though I'm not going to think about anything that far out. Paper helps me contain my To Do list.
- When I collaborate with others, they want to break down the stories (large as they may be) into tasks. No!! I can't take tasks. I need to see the value. See my post about From Tasks to Stories with Value.
- I change my board, depending on what's going on. I often have a week-based kanban because I retrospect at the end of the week. I often—not always—have a “today” column.
This is what my board looks like this week. it might look like this for a while because I'm trying to finish a book. (I have several more books planned, so yes, I will have a bunch of work “in progress” for the next several months/rest of the year.)
I have several chapters in This Week. I have two chapters in “Today:” That helps me focus on the work I want to finish this week and today. As a technical editor for agileconnection.com and as a shepherd for XP 2017, I have work in “Waiting to Discuss.” I will discuss other people's writing.
Earlier this week, I had interactions with a potential client, so that work is now in Waiting for Feedback. Sometimes, I have book chapters there, if I need to discuss what the heck goes in there and doesn't go in a chapter.
I haven't finished much yet this week. I am quite close on two chapters, which I expect to finish today. My acceptance criteria is ready for my editor to read. I do not expect them to be done as in publishable. I'll do that after I receive editorial feedback.
Could I do this on an electronic board? Of course.
However, I limit my WIP by staying with paper. I can't add any more to the paper.
Should I have WIP limits? Maybe. If I worked on a project, I would definitely have WIP limits. However, the fact that I use paper limits what I can add to my board. If I notice I have work building up in any of the Waiting columns, I can ask myself: What can I do to move those puppies to Done before I take something off the Today or To Do columns?
I've been using personal kanban inside one-week iterations since I read Benson's and Barry's book, Personal Kanban. (See my book review, Book Review: Personal Kanban: Mapping Work | Navigating Life.
You should use whatever you want as a tool. Me, I'm sticking with paper for now. I don't measure my cycle time or lead time, which are good reasons to use an electronic board. I also don't measure my cumulative flow, which is another reason to use a board.
I do recommend that until you know what your flow is, you use paper. And, if you realize you need to change your flow, return to paper until you really understand your flow. You don't need a gazillion columns, which is easy to do in a tool. Use the fewest number of columns that help you achieve control over your work nad provide you the information you need.
Question for you: Do you want to see a parking lot board? I have images of these in Manage Your Project Portfolio, but you might want to see my parking lot board. Let me know.
Update: I wrote Postpone Work with a Parking Lot. Now you can see my entire process.
Another update: I just wrote How Agile Creates and Manages WIP Limits.